The Error Is the Clue: Breakdown In Human-Machine Interaction (bibtex)
by Martinovski, Bilyana and Traum, David
Abstract:
This paper focuses not on the detection and correction of specific errors in the interaction between machines and humans, but rather cases of massive deviation from the user's conversational expectations and desires. This can be the result of too many or too unusual errors, but also from dialogue strategies disigned to minimize error, which make the interaction unnatutal in other ways. We study causes of irritation such as over-fragmentation, over-clarity, over-coordination, over-directedness, and repetiveness of verbal action, syntax, and intonation. Human reations to these irritating features typically appear in the following order: tiredness, tolerance, anger, confusion, irony, humor, exhaustion, uncertainty, lack of desire to communicate. The studied features of human expressions of irritation in non-face-to-face interaction are: intonation, emphatic speech, elliptic speech, speed of speech, extra-linguistic signs, speed of verbal action, and overlap.
Reference:
The Error Is the Clue: Breakdown In Human-Machine Interaction (Martinovski, Bilyana and Traum, David), In Proceedings of ISCA Tutorial and Research Workshop International Speech Communication Association, 2003.
Bibtex Entry:
@inproceedings{martinovski_error_2003,
	address = {Switzerland},
	title = {The {Error} {Is} the {Clue}: {Breakdown} {In} {Human}-{Machine} {Interaction}},
	url = {http://ict.usc.edu/pubs/The%20Error%20Is%20the%20Clue-%20Breakdown%20In%20Human-Machine%20Interaction.pdf},
	abstract = {This paper focuses not on the detection and correction of specific errors in the interaction between machines and humans, but rather cases of massive deviation from the user's conversational expectations and desires. This can be the result of too many or too unusual errors, but also from dialogue strategies disigned to minimize error, which make the interaction unnatutal in other ways. We study causes of irritation such as over-fragmentation, over-clarity, over-coordination, over-directedness, and repetiveness of verbal action, syntax, and intonation. Human reations to these irritating features typically appear in the following order: tiredness, tolerance, anger, confusion, irony, humor, exhaustion, uncertainty, lack of desire to communicate. The studied features of human expressions of irritation in non-face-to-face interaction are: intonation, emphatic speech, elliptic speech, speed of speech, extra-linguistic signs, speed of verbal action, and overlap.},
	booktitle = {Proceedings of {ISCA} {Tutorial} and {Research} {Workshop} {International} {Speech} {Communication} {Association}},
	author = {Martinovski, Bilyana and Traum, David},
	year = {2003},
	keywords = {Virtual Humans}
}
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