Computationally Modeling Human Emotion (bibtex)
by Marsella, Stacy and Gratch, Jonathan
Abstract:
EMOTION’S ROLE IN human behavior is an old debate that has become increasingly relevant to the computational sciences. Two-and-a-half millennia ago, Aristotle espoused a view of emotion at times remarkably similar to modern psychological theories, arguing that emotions (such as anger), in moderation, play a useful role, especially in interactions with others. Those who express anger at appropriate times are praiseworthy, while those lacking in anger at appropriate times are treated as a fool. The Stoics took a different view; four centuries after Aristotle, Seneca considered emotions (such as anger) as a threat to reason, arguing, “reason … is only powerful so long as it remains isolated from emotions.” In the 8th century, David Hume radically departed from the Stoic perspective, arguing for the key motivating role of emotions, saying, “Reason is, and ought only to be the slave of the passions.” A similar dichotomy of views can be seen in the history of artificial intelligence (AI) and agent research.
Reference:
Computationally Modeling Human Emotion (Marsella, Stacy and Gratch, Jonathan), In Communications of the ACM, volume 57, 2014.
Bibtex Entry:
@article{marsella_computationally_2014,
	title = {Computationally {Modeling} {Human} {Emotion}},
	volume = {57},
	url = {http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=2631912},
	doi = {10.1145/2631912},
	abstract = {EMOTION’S ROLE IN human behavior is an old debate that has become increasingly relevant to the computational sciences. Two-and-a-half millennia ago, Aristotle espoused a view of emotion at times remarkably similar to modern psychological theories, arguing that emotions (such as anger), in moderation, play a useful role, especially in interactions with others. Those who express anger at appropriate times are praiseworthy, while those lacking in anger at appropriate times are treated as a fool. The Stoics took a different view; four centuries after Aristotle, Seneca considered emotions (such as anger) as a threat to reason, arguing, “reason … is only powerful so long as it remains isolated from emotions.” In the 8th century, David Hume radically departed from the Stoic perspective, arguing for the key motivating role of emotions, saying, “Reason is, and ought only to be the slave of the passions.”
A similar dichotomy of views can be seen in the history of artificial intelligence (AI) and agent research.},
	number = {12},
	journal = {Communications of the ACM},
	author = {Marsella, Stacy and Gratch, Jonathan},
	month = dec,
	year = {2014},
	keywords = {Virtual Humans, UARC},
	pages = {56--67}
}
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