Individual Differences in Mental Rotation (bibtex)
by Khooshabeh, Peter, Hegarty, Mary and Shipley, Thomas F.
Abstract:
Two experiments tested the hypothesis that imagery ability and figural complexity interact to affect the choice of mental rotation strategies. Participants performed the Shepard and Metzler (1971) mental rotation task. On half of the trials, the 3-D figures were manipulated to create "fragmented" figures, with some cubes missing. Good imagers were less accurate and had longer response times on fragmented figures than on complete figures. Poor imagers performed similarly on fragmented and complete figures. These results suggest that good imagers use holistic mental rotation strategies by default, but switch to alternative strategies depending on task demands, whereas poor imagers are less flexible and use piecemeal strategies regardless of the task demands.
Reference:
Individual Differences in Mental Rotation (Khooshabeh, Peter, Hegarty, Mary and Shipley, Thomas F.), In Experimental Psychology, volume 59, 2012.
Bibtex Entry:
@article{khooshabeh_individual_2012,
	title = {Individual {Differences} in {Mental} {Rotation}},
	volume = {59},
	url = {http://ict.usc.edu/pubs/Individual%20Differences%20in%20Mental%20Rotation.pdf},
	abstract = {Two experiments tested the hypothesis that imagery ability and figural complexity interact to affect the choice of mental rotation strategies. Participants performed the Shepard and Metzler (1971) mental rotation task. On half of the trials, the 3-D figures were manipulated to create "fragmented" figures, with some cubes missing. Good imagers were less accurate and had longer response times on fragmented figures than on complete figures. Poor imagers performed similarly on fragmented and complete figures. These results suggest that good imagers use holistic mental rotation strategies by default, but switch to alternative strategies depending on task demands, whereas poor imagers are less flexible and use piecemeal strategies regardless of the task demands.},
	journal = {Experimental Psychology},
	author = {Khooshabeh, Peter and Hegarty, Mary and Shipley, Thomas F.},
	month = nov,
	year = {2012},
	keywords = {Virtual Humans, ARL, DoD, ICB}
}
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