Axiomatizing Complex Concepts from Fundamentals (bibtex)
by Hobbs, Jerry R. and Gordon, Andrew
Abstract:
We have been engaged in the project of encoding commonsense theories of cognition, or how we think we think, in a logical representation. In this paper we use the concept of a “serious threat” as our prime example, and examine the infrastructure required for capturing the meaning of this complex concept. It is one of many examples we could have used, but it is particularly interesting because building up to this concept from fundamentals, such as causality and scalar notions, highlights a number of representational issues that have to be faced along the way, where the complexity of the target concepts strongly influences how we resolve those issues. We first describe our approach to definition, defeasibility, and reification, where hard decisions have to bemade to get the enterprise off the ground.We then sketch our approach to causality, scalar notions, goals, and importance. Finally we use all this to characterize what it is to be a serious threat. All of this is necessarily sketchy, but the key ideas essential to the target concept should be clear.
Reference:
Axiomatizing Complex Concepts from Fundamentals (Hobbs, Jerry R. and Gordon, Andrew), Chapter in Computational Linguistics and Intelligent Text Processing (Hutchison, David, Kanade, Takeo, Kittler, Josef, Kleinberg, Jon M., Mattern, Friedemann, Mitchell, John C., Naor, Moni, Nierstrasz, Oscar, Pandu Rangan, C., Steffen, Bernhard, Sudan, Madhu, Terzopoulos, Demetri, Tygar, Doug, Vardi, Moshe Y., Weikum, Gerhard, Gelbukh, Alexander, eds.), Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2014.
Bibtex Entry:
@incollection{hutchison_axiomatizing_2014,
	address = {Berlin, Heidelberg},
	title = {Axiomatizing {Complex} {Concepts} from {Fundamentals}},
	isbn = {978-3-642-54905-2 978-3-642-54906-9},
	url = {http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-3-642-54906-9_29},
	abstract = {We have been engaged in the project of encoding commonsense theories of cognition, or how we think we think, in a logical representation. In this paper we use the concept of a “serious threat” as our prime example, and examine the infrastructure required for capturing the meaning of this complex concept. It is one of many examples we could have used, but it is particularly interesting because building up to this concept from fundamentals, such as causality and scalar notions, highlights a number of representational issues that have to be faced along the way, where the complexity of the target concepts strongly influences how we resolve those issues.

We first describe our approach to definition, defeasibility, and reification, where hard decisions have to bemade to get the enterprise off the ground.We then sketch our approach to causality, scalar notions, goals, and importance. Finally we use all this to characterize what it is to be a serious threat. All of this is necessarily sketchy, but the key ideas essential to the target concept should be clear.},
	booktitle = {Computational {Linguistics} and {Intelligent} {Text} {Processing}},
	publisher = {Springer Berlin Heidelberg},
	author = {Hobbs, Jerry R. and Gordon, Andrew},
	editor = {Hutchison, David and Kanade, Takeo and Kittler, Josef and Kleinberg, Jon M. and Mattern, Friedemann and Mitchell, John C. and Naor, Moni and Nierstrasz, Oscar and Pandu Rangan, C. and Steffen, Bernhard and Sudan, Madhu and Terzopoulos, Demetri and Tygar, Doug and Vardi, Moshe Y. and Weikum, Gerhard and Gelbukh, Alexander},
	month = apr,
	year = {2014},
	keywords = {The Narrative Group},
	pages = {351--365}
}
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