Interplay between linguistic and affective goals in facial expression during emotional utterances (bibtex)
by Busso, Carlos and Narayanan, Shrikanth
Abstract:
Communicative goals are simultaneously expressed through gestures and speech to convey messages enriched with valuable verbal and non-verbal clues. This paper analyzes and quantifies how linguistic and affective goals are reflected in facial expressions. Using a database recorded from an actress with markers attached to her face, the facial features during emotional speech were compared with the ones expressed during neutral speech. The results show that the facial activeness is mainly driven by articulatory processes. However, clear spatial-temporal patterns are observed during emotional speech, which indicate that emotional goals enhance and modulate facial expressions. The results also show that the upper face region has more degrees of freedom to convey non-verbal information than the lower face region, which is highly constrained by the underlying articulatory processes. These results are important toward understanding how humans communicate and interact.
Reference:
Interplay between linguistic and affective goals in facial expression during emotional utterances (Busso, Carlos and Narayanan, Shrikanth), In Proceedings of the 7th International Seminar on Speech Production, 2006.
Bibtex Entry:
@inproceedings{busso_interplay_2006,
	address = {Ubatuba, Brazil},
	title = {Interplay between linguistic and affective goals in facial expression during emotional utterances},
	url = {http://ict.usc.edu/pubs/Interplay%20between%20linguistic%20and%20affective%20goals%20in%20facial%20expression%20during%20emotional%20utterances.pdf},
	abstract = {Communicative goals are simultaneously expressed through gestures and speech to convey messages enriched with valuable verbal and non-verbal clues. This paper analyzes and quantifies how linguistic and affective goals are reflected in facial expressions. Using a database recorded from an actress with markers attached to her face, the facial features during emotional speech were compared with the ones expressed during neutral speech. The results show that the facial activeness is mainly driven by articulatory processes. However, clear spatial-temporal patterns are observed during emotional speech, which indicate that emotional goals enhance and modulate facial expressions. The results also show that the upper face region has more degrees of freedom to convey non-verbal information than the lower face region, which is highly constrained by the underlying articulatory processes. These results are important toward understanding how humans communicate and interact.},
	booktitle = {Proceedings of the 7th {International} {Seminar} on {Speech} {Production}},
	author = {Busso, Carlos and Narayanan, Shrikanth},
	month = dec,
	year = {2006},
	pages = {549--556}
}
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